Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Research can help in the following ways for developing methodologies, EXCEPT;
► Tools of data collection
► New technique for gathering data
► Defining a problem
► Data analysis
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the folowing is the basis of the Scientific Method?
► To test hypothesis in conditions that is conducive to its success.
► To formulate a research problem and disprove the hypothesis.
► To formulate a research problem, test the hypothesis in carefully controlled conditions that challenge the hypothesis.
► To test hypothesis and if they are disproved, they should be abandoned completely.
Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Research method is applicable in all of the following fields, Except.
► Health care
► Government offices
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following BEST describes quantitative research?
► The collection of non numerical data
► An attempt to confirm the research’s hypotheses
► Research that is exploratory
► Research that attempts to generate a new theory
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is the definition of an independent variable?
► A variable that is manipulated or controlled by the experimenter.
► A response variable.
► The behavioural measure made by the experimenter.
► A dependent variable that is controlled by the experimenter.
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Why do you need to review the existing literature?
► To give your dissertation a proper academic appearance, with lots of references.
► Because without it, you could never reach the required word-count.
► To find out what is already known about your area of interest.
► To help in your general study.
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A literature review should be characterized by all of the following, EXCEPT;
► Summarize and report each article.
► Use important topics as the organizing structure of the review.
► Analyze all articles for similarities and differences related to major topics.
► Discuss implications relative to the research problem.
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following functions is performed by theoretical framework?
► Elaborates the relationship among the variables.
► Explains the logic underlying these relationships.
► Describes the nature, and direction of the relationships.
► All of the given options.
Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
When there is a need of generating new ideas for hypotheses or to interpret the results of some research, which one is the best research deign?
► Focus group discussion
► Communication analysis
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
What should the business researcher be aware of when signing a confidentiality agreement?
► Any clause which limits the length of a questionnaire.
► Any clause which allows the company to comment on findings that will be published.
► Any clause which increases the level of access for the researcher.
► Any clause which guarantees the anonymity of research participants.
Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is an example of deception in business research?
► The obtaining of company material without permission.
► The researcher wearing a disguise during an observation.
► The researcher representing their research as being about a different topic.
► The researcher failing to ask permission to interview someone.
Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
All of the following are part of the ethics code for animal research, except;
► The researcher must be an expert about the species being studied.
► Procedures using reinforcement are preferred over those using punishment.
► Animal studies that are purely educational in purpose cannot be done.
► If the animal must be killed at the end of the study, a painless procedure must be used.
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is not an example of deception?
► A part of the truth is not communicated to the respondent.
► To observe code of ethics.
► To leak out information regarding any confidential matter.
► To create bias between respondents before the survey.
Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following BEST describes an assessment that examines students' ability to conduct a chemistry experiment in the lab?
► Interest inventory
► Performance assessment
► Standardized test
Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is a legitimate purpose of a research plan?
► It forces you to think through every aspect of a study.
► It provides detailed procedures to guide the conduct of the study.
► It provides clear roadmap of the study.
► Writing a plan facilitates the evaluation of it.
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following surveys are more impersonal than face-to-face interviews?
► Recorded Interview
► Focus group
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
All of the following are the characteristics of scientific methods of research, EXCEPT;
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT the feature of theoretical framework?
► Make an inventory of variables
► Statistical analysis
► Specify the direction of relationship
► Make an inventory of propositions
Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following study requires the collection of data at one point in time from a large number of respondents?
► Case study
► Cross-sectional study
► All of the given options
► Longitudinal study
Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT the goal of the explanatory research?
► Testing theory
► Establishing the relationship between different phenomenon
► Generating new ideas about the topic
► Replicating a theory to a new area
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Basic research can also be called as
► Practical research
► Fundamental Research
► Action research
► Assessment research
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Descriptive hypothesis is also called:
► Directional Hypothesis
► Univariate Hypothesis
► Non directional Hypothesis
► All of the given options
Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Logical argument of the researcher can be based on:
► Personal experience
► Literature review
► Arm chair thinking
► All of the given options
Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Rationalism is the application of which of the following?
► Research solution
► Logic and arguments
► Previous findings
Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is the characteristic/s of Hypotheses in qualitative research studies?
► Hypotheses are very specific and stated prior to beginning the study.
► Hypotheses are never used.
► Hypotheses are often generated as the data are collected, interpreted, and analyzed.
► Hypotheses are deductively tested
Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
_______________are more specific that dimensions:
► Aspects of variables
Question No: 27 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is an indicator of the job stress?
► Competitive pay
► Role conflict
► Fair policies
► None of the given options
Question No: 28 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following functions is performed by the Ratio scale?
► All of the given options
► Unique origin
Question No: 29 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following effect in internal validity occurs when test units with extreme scores are used.
► Statistical regression
► Selection Bias
Question No: 30 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The design where we have no control over the variables and report only what has happened or what is happening is called___________
► Research design
► Contrived design
► Ex-post-facto design
► Explanatory design
Question No: 31 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following disadvantage of personal interview can be overcome by rapport building?
► Lack of anonymity of the respondents
► Scarcity of highly trained interviewers
Question No: 32 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Large number of respondents are best interviewed in a (an)__________ way
► Semi structured
► Open ended
Question No: 33 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of these is an interviewer-administered questionnaire?
► Postal questionnaire
► Delivery and collection questionnaire
► Telephone questionnaire
► On-line questionnaire
Question No: 34 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
One of the disadvantages of the internet survey is:
► All people cannot participate
► Slow data collection speed
► Less anonymity
► High cost
Question No: 35 ( Marks: 3 )
Why preliminary notification is essential in self administered questionnaire?
Question No: 36 ( Marks: 5 )
A research was conducted by education department to see the impact of strict teaching practices on the rate of failure among the students.
Identify dependent and independent variables. (1)
Classify this research according to purpose of doing research; exploratory, descriptive or explanatory. Explain your choice.(2)
Classify this research according to use of research; Basic or Applied. Explain your choice.(2)
Question No: 37 ( Marks: 5 )
"Because literature survey is a time-consuming exercise, a good in-depth interview will be sufficient to develop a theoretical framework". Discuss this statement.