RECIPIENTS OF ZAKAT:
The recipients of Zakat, according to Quran are as follows:
are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer (the
funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to
truth); for those in bondage and in debt; and for the wayfarer: (Thus is
it) ordained by Allah, and Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom." (Quran 9:60)
1. FUQARA: people who are poor and who possess more than their basic needs but do not possess wealth equal to Nisaab.
2. MASAKEEN: people who are destitute and extremely needy to the extent they are forced to beg for their daily food rations.
3. AL-AMILEEN: people appointed by an Islamic Government to collect Zakat.
4. MU-ALLAFATUL-QULUB: persons who have recently accepted Islam and are in need of basic necessities who would benefit from encouragement by Muslims which would help strengthen their faith.
5. AR-RIQAAB: slaves who are permitted to work for remuneration and have an agreement from their masters to purchase their freedom on payment of fixed amounts.
6. AL-GHAARIMEEN: persons who have a debt and do not possess any other wealth or goods with which they could repay that which they owe. It is conditional that this debt was not created for any un-Islamic
7. FI-SABILILLAH: persons who have to carry out an obligatory deed which has become obligatory on them and subsequently (due to loss of wealth) are unable to complete that obligation.
8. IBN-US-SABEEL: persons who are travelers and during the course of their journey do not possess basic necessities, though they are well to do at home. They could be given Zakat in order to fulfill
travel needs to return home.
PERSONS WHO CANNOT BE GIVEN ZAKAT:
1. Zakat cannot be given to the descendants of Muhammad (P.B.U.H);
2. Zakat cannot be given to parents and grandparents. In the same manner one's children and grandchildren cannot be given Zakat. A husband and wife cannot give Zakat to each other.
3. Zakat contributions cannot be given to such institutions or organizations who do not give the rightful recipients possession of Zakat, but instead use Zakat funds for constructions, investment or
VIRTUES OF ZAKAT:
Allah says in the Quran:
parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is that of a
grain of corn. It grows seven ears and each ear has hundred grains.
Allah increases manifold to whom He pleases." (Quran 2:261)
It is stated in the Hadith that by giving Zakat the following benefits are derived:
1. Gain the pleasure of Allah.
2. Increase in wealth and protection from losses.
3. Allah's forgiveness and blessings.
4. Protection from the wrath of Allah and from a bad death.
5. A shelter on the Day of Judgment;
6. Security from seventy misfortunes.
THE PUNISHMENT FOR NOT GIVING ZAKAT:
Allah says in the Quran:
there are those who hoard gold and silver and do not spend it in the
way of Allah, announce to them a most grievous penalty (when) on the Day
of Judgment heat will be produced out of that wealth in the fire of
Hell. Then with it they will be branded on their forehead and their
flanks and backs. (It will be said to them) This is the treasure which
you hoarded for yourselves, taste then the treasure that you have been
hoarding." (Al-Quran 9:34-35)