MGT301- Principles of Marketing (Session - 3)
Time: 90 min
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following option is NOT a benefit for buyer with E-commerce?
► Easy and private
► Greater product access
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following options refers to “The art and science of choosing target markets and building profitable relationships”?
► Customer relationship management
► Knowledge management
► Total quality management
► Marketing management
Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following options enables consumers and companies to access and share huge amounts of information with just a few mouse clicks?
► Digital age
Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following is NOT a part of the macro-environment?
► Demographic forces
► Natural forces
► Competitors' forces
► Political forces
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Your firm has just developed its first successful MIS. It interacts with information users to assess information needs, develop needed information, _____ the marketing information and help managers use it in their decision making.
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Most organizational purchase decisions are made by which of the following categories?
► The sales force
► A team of purchasing agents
► A firm's buying centre
► Inventory control personnel
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The purpose of idea generation is to create a _____ of ideas. The purpose of succeeding stages is to _____ that number.
► Small number; reduce
► Small number; increase
► Large number; increase
► Large number; reduce
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT a major factor for making firms price decisions?
► Environmental factors
► Marketing objectives
► Past sales
► Marketing mix strategy
Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Quantity discounts are a legal form of price discrimination. A quantity discount is a price reduction to buyers who purchase _____.
► Inferior merchandise
► Superior merchandise
► Large volumes
Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Discounts and allowances are price adjustments to the basic price to reward customers for which of the following activities?
► Early payment of bills
► Off-season buying
► Accepting early delivery
► Volume purchases
Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following takes possession of truckloads of tomatoes, arranges for storage, and transports them to auctions to be sold?
► Selling agent
► Commission broker
► Commission merchant
► Selling broker
Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A manufacturer-owned operation that provides services usually associated with agents, refers to which one of the following?
► Sales office
► Sales branch
► Public warehouse
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following advertising decisions can be classified by primary purpose, whether the aim is to inform, persuade or remind?
► Advertising objectives
► Advertising budgets
► Advertising strategies
► Advertising campaigns
Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
When a firm sets out to analyze, plan, implement, and control sales force activities through sales force management. What does it set and design?
► Sales territories
► Sales force strategies
► Team selling efforts
► Promotional objectives
Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In contrast to vending machines which dispense only products, there are other systems that dispense information and take orders without direct human aid. This system refers to which one of the following options?
► TV monitors
► The internet
► Cell phones
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following are low-growth, low-share businesses and products (they may generate enough cash to maintain them, but do not have much future)?
► Cash Cows
► Question Marks
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Lobbying, Investor relations and Development are the major functions of which one of the following?
► Sales promotion
► Personal selling
► Direct marketing
► Public relations
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
E-marketing refers to which one of the following?
► Email marketing
► Electronic marketing
► Electric marketing
► Elastic marketing
Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following option is NOT related with traditional buyer’s rights?
► Right not to buy a product that is offered for sale
► Right to expect the product to be safe
► Right to expect the product to perform as claimed
► Right to ask money back even not offered by the seller
Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
If a company's customers are concentrated in a small geographic area and the company sells technical products, which promotion method will it most likely use?
► Personal selling
► Sales promotion
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Finance, research and development, purchasing and manufacturing all are the activities of which element of the micro environment?
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Competitor’s price increase is more likely to be followed due to:
► Increased advertising
► Price wars
► Falling sales
► General rising costs
Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following can be defined as, “The concept of designing marketing communication programs that organize all promotional activities to provide a reliable message across all audiences”.
► The promotional mix
► Integrated marketing communication
► Relationship marketing
► The marketing mix
Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Like many consumer products manufacturers, Haier Electronics gives its resellers discounts to encourage them to carry and promote its products. When doing so, Haier Electronics uses which of the following strategy?
Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following is the cheaper source of selling?
► Personal selling
► Non personal selling
► Sales force
► Sales promotion
Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
All of the following positive effects can be achieved by adopting a proper market education strategy in advertising, EXCEPT:
► It helps to minimize sales resistance
► It helps to reduce the cost of advertising
► It makes advertising more effective
► It restricts sales force to achieve adequate distribution
Question No: 27 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Proctor and Gamble periodically sends out coupons and free samples of products. This illustrates P & G's use of which one of the following elements of the promotion mix?
► Personal selling
► Sales promotion
Question No: 28 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In which of the given strategies the producer promotes the product to wholesalers, the wholesalers promote to retailers and the retailers promote to consumers?
► Pull strategy
► Push strategy
► Operational strategy
► Production strategy
Question No: 29 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is\ are the tasks for which logistics manager is responsible?
► To coordinate activities of suppliers
► To coordinate purchasing agents and marketers
► To coordinate channel members and customers
► All of the given options
Question No: 30 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT one of the major logistics functions?
► Order processing
► Cost reduction
► Inventory management
Question No: 31 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is part of the four competitive positions?
► Market positional
► Market observer
► Market controller
► Market follower
Question No: 32 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is not the disadvantage of competitor-centered company?
► The company becomes too reactive
► A fighter orientation
► Strategy is built on what others do
► Lessens innovation
Question No: 33 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following has a greater amount of risk, control and profit potential?
► Joint Venturing
► Direct Investment
Question No: 34 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following discounts encourage customers to pay invoices earlier?
► Quantity discount
► Seasonal discount
► Cash discount
► Trade discount
Question No: 35 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following allowances are payments to wholesalers or retailers to stock unproven new products?
► Stocking allowance
► Trade-in allowance
► Push money allowance
► Promotion allowance
Question No: 36 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
If your competitor has cut the price of its product and it is affecting the sale of your product and profit margin of your company, then you might decide to take some action. Which of the following action will your company take in this situation?
► Close your business
► Raise perceived quality
► With draw your product
► Hold the same price
Question No: 37 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is the disadvantage of personal selling?
► It can be adapted for individual customers
► It is costly to develop and operate a sales force
► It can be focused on prospective customers
► It results in the actual sale
Question No: 38 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT a method of compensation plan?
► Straight salary
► Straight commission
► Salary plus bonus
► Grants by government
Question No: 39 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
During the summer WAPDA runs advertisements on TV to discourage people from using excessive electricity. This Phenomenon is known as:
Question No: 40 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
What does this statement show “Trade of value between two parties”?
Question No: 41 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Environmental groups are included in which of the following publics?
► Citizen-action publics
► Media publics
► Government publics
► Local publics
Question No: 42 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Of the following, the most complex type of business buying situation is the:
► Modified rebuy
► System selling
► Straight rebuy
► New task
Question No: 43 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The bases of segmentation for business markets include __________.
► Situational factors
► Personal characteristics
► All of the given options
Question No: 44 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Shakeel just moved into a new city. He is a very successful man and would like to purchase a luxurious car and designer clothes. These products are examples of:
► Convenience Products
► Shopping Products
► Specialty Products
► Unsought Products
Question No: 45 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
With what groups do firms conduct concept testing of new products?
► Target customers
► Focus groups
Question No: 46 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is a type of Geographic pricing?
► FOB-Origin Pricing
► Cost based Pricing
► Value based Pricing
► None of the given option
Question No: 47 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
____________ is a measure of how many times the average person in the target market is exposed to the message.
Question No: 48 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Rapid penetration of narrow market segments by selective targeting of country markets and small share of overall market is known as:
► Global Niche Strategy
► Global Challenger Strategy
► Global Leader Strategy
► Global Follower Strategy
Question No: 49 ( Marks: 3 )
What are the basic objectives of internet marketing?
Basic objectives of internet marketing can be summarized as follows:
1) Calls for direct marketing giving an opportunity for long term customer relationship.
2) Reduces cost of marketing.
3) Broader access of market.
4) Privacy is maintained between customer and the seller, therefore securing the customer is more convenient and easy.
5) E-commerce is faster
6) Lastly but not the least, it gives a greater platform to present large amount of products or product types without the need of a physical location and helps in giving more detailed information to the customer who can evaluate it on his own basis.
Question No: 50 ( Marks: 3 )
Mention any three goals of trade promotion?
Three goals of trade promotion are:
1) Increasing the target market.
2) Profit maximization as the consumer will give in return an older product which is another form of value and can be converted into money on fair evaluation basis.
3) Trade promotion gives an opportunity to attract users who may not buy the product under normal circumstances mainly due to prices. With trade promotion, buyers are urged to try the new product at lower costs as per their perception.
Question No: 51 ( Marks: 5 )
A firm involved in manufacturing electronic circuits which it supplies to firms manufacturing televisions and computers. The company has decided to adopt personal selling. What do you know about this concept and in your view how it will benefit the firm?
• Personal selling concept is a form of marketing where the company is indulged into direct marketing by coming into contact with the end user.
• It involves building up of a sales force by the concepts of strategies, market analysis, development of a team, supervision, evaluation etc.
• During Personal selling, a sales person may proceed with following steps:
1) Prospecting qualifying needs which means collection of potential customers which is the target market.
2) Qualifying needs on basis of finance, usability, income, status etc.
3) Reproach which is forming the basis of how to approach the customer, at what time, and in which way etc.
4) Approach is getting in contact with the customer as per plan.
5) Presentation and demonstration is where the sales person will present the product and explain its usage, benefits, advantages. He may even demonstrate in some cases. E.g. in this case he may carry a small LCD TV in a bag and connect it to power supply to show the result at customer’s facility / home.
6) Handling is where the sales person will answer the queries raised by the customer and he will attempt to satisfy the customer in every way possible by fair means.
7) Closing is when the sales person will then try to pursue the customer for giving an order. He may ask details of order, when do you want it, anything special you are interested in with service etc.
Follow up is carried out to follow the customer by frequent visits, taking feedback on the service etc.
• Personal selling is effective in sense of implementation on individual customers, focused, direct contact etc.
• However, it also has disadvantages such as high cost of sales force, need several calls before getting a potential customer etc.
Question No: 52 ( Marks: 5 )
Special event, audiovisual materials and company identity material are part of major public relation tools. What do you know about these concepts?
Public relation tools are usually employed by large corporate offices to expand the business on large scales and particularly as a response to market competition.
• It involves
• Press releases
• Public events
• Investors etc.
Special events, where the company takes an opportunity to exploit and penetrate into the market by presenting new products or taking aggressive decisions with regards to their ongoing product lines. Usually TOP management is involved in such tools. They take the opportunity to go for joint ventures, making business relationships for mutual business in future etc.
Audiovisual materials are nothing but public announcements usually made through media such as radio, TV, internet, billboards etc. Companies show their support and commitment with other market pioneers for mutual interest or they may even give public message with regards to safety, environment and target the audience to make an optimistic position in their mind.
Company identity material can be exploited under the name of branding where companies have reputed brands under their title. Such brands can be associated with moral, ethical, societal, emotional support to the public and make a strong bond. For e.g. Recently Ufone has donated about 113.2 Million Rupees for people affected by Flood. Such actions will strengthen their bond with the public and definitely make a positive impact.
Question No: 53 ( Marks: 5 )
What is customer value and customer satisfaction? Also write down the relationship between these two terms.
Customer Value:- It is how a customer is valued with regards to a targeted market. The position a customer holds and in vice versa what position does the product hold in customers mind. How does he value the product or service from a particular company? For e.g. the customer service offered by UFONE is quite effective and appreciated. This gives an impression of greater customer value in customer’s own mind. When UFONE recently launched discounted IR rates just prior to starting of Ramadan especially for people in KSA, it did target customer’s mind set which will be looking to get in contact with their relatives who will go to KSA to perform UMRAH.
Customer Satisfaction:- It is how the customer feels about being treated and whether the product did serve its purpose as expected by the customer. If UFONE-2-UFONE calls are made during load of midnight calls due to promotions offered by UFONE to give night calls at discounted rate, did the service of calls drop down? Was the reception and transmission of voice clear? Was there any unfair billing? When such questions come across a customer’s mind and he feels that everything was on fair basis, the customer feels satisfied for spending his money on that product or service.
Relationship between customer value and customer satisfaction:
Customer value turns into customer satisfaction when the customer feels that the services he gained were to his position and were well paid off. It is more of a transition from being a focus point of service to being served well. A very common example can be the service offered in air flights. Stewards and air hostesses will offer service to the passengers such as if they need blanket, or a spare pillow. The customer feels valued. When these expectations are met , the customer feels satisfaction.